What Kind of Planning goes into Crane Operation?
18 Mar 2021 Rigging and Material Handling
When it comes to crane setup and operation, safety should always be the primary concern for every individual on the job site. The slinging and rigging of heavy materials can pose several safety risks to surrounding property, other equipment, and operators. To ensure these risks are adequately addressed, a comprehensive lift plan must always be created. At TNT Crane & Rigging, they take crane operation and crane safety standards seriously. That is why they have compiled a list of key concepts to demonstrate what kind of planning goes into crane operation.
Planning and Preparations for Safe Crane Operation
A detailed crane lift plan must be created for every operation regardless of the weight of the materials or the size of the crane used. Creating and following this plan will minimize safety risks to ensure the operation continues to run smoothly.
Perform an In-Depth Site Assessment
A detailed inspection of the job site is crucial for revealing potential safety risks and challenges. The following aspects should be inspected and noted during an assessment:
- The materials being lifted (weight, size, and shape).
- Potential collision hazards (other cranes, buildings, or power lines).
- Ground conditions and operating surfaces. Soft and uneven surfaces may require a rough-terrain model or a crawler crane.
- Ideal locations to place the crane.
Understanding the details of these site elements will allow for informed equipment decisions and safety preparations.
Determine the Appropriate Crane
After performing a detailed site assessment, the information gathered can be used to choose the ideal equipment for the job. When choosing a mobile crane, it is important to ensure that it meets or exceeds the capacity, outreach, and lift height requirements for the site. In addition to these requirements, users should ensure that the dimensions of the crane do not exceed the amount of space or overhead clearance on the job site.
Perform Frequent Safety Checks and Inspections
Though it may seem tedious at times, frequent and consistent safety inspections keep the risk of accidents to a minimum. Using a pre-operation checklist for mobile cranes will help keep operators informed of any potential safety flaws within the unit. These lists are also useful for tracking the maintenance requirements of the crane to ensure that it stays in good working condition. Before any lift, it is crucial that operators perform the following actions:
- Ensure that there are no other personnel within the range of operation for the crane.
- Check the lines and hoists to ensure they are rigid and have no slack.
- Ensure that the lift path is free of obstructions.
If you would like to learn more about crane safety standards or need help choosing the correct mobile crane for your site, contact TNT Crane & Rigging at 1-800-799-2505 for assistance.